New Education Policy 2020.What is main fact which are focused in these policy.

New Education Policy 2020.What is main fact which are focused in these policy.

New Education Policy 2020 is come with some changes in education pattern after 34 years. These Education Policy is important for our countries. We know to become number one in the world only basic subjects are not important while other activities also important. So In these policies some curriculum activities are made as main subjects for studies and many more changes are come in the previous policy.

Ministry of human resources department name are changed with ministry of education.
To know about what the changes are done in New Education Policy first of all You should Know Education Policy.

What is Education Policy.


Education Policy is a policy document, in which what is the vision of the government in the coming days, it is discussed.
It determines the condition and direction of the country in the field of education. According to the opinion of the experts, such a policy should be made every ten to fifteen years, but this time it took 34 years to form. 
Till now the country has got three education policy. 
The things stated in this policy are neither a legal obligation nor are they immediately applicable.




This time the Center has set a target of 2040 to implement the new education policy. Since education is the subject of a concurrent list in the constitution, in which both the state and central government have the right, it is not necessary for the state governments to fully consider it. Wherever there is a conflict situation, both the parties have been suggested to resolve it by consensus.


What is 5+3+3+4 rules.

Let us start with the changes made in school education. The tradition of 10 + 2, which was earlier in the new education policy, will end now. Now the government is talking about 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 instead.

For understanding (5+3+3+4) in these policies we want start now from initial education.


Foundation stage.

Foundation stage means 5 in (5+3+3+4).

The first three years children will take pre-schooling education in Anganwadi. 
Then in the next two years, children in class one and two will study in school.

A new curriculum will be prepared for these five years of studies. 
Focus will be largely on activity based learning. 
It will cover children between the age of three to eight years. In this way, the first five years of studies will be completed.


That is, children will start attending formal school at the age of 3 instead of 6 years. Till now, children used to go to the first class in 6 years, then even after the implementation of the new education policy, the child will be in the first class in 6 years, but the first 3 years will also be of formal education. The early years of play-school will also be included in school education

This means that now Right to Education will be expanded. RTE was first implemented for children from 6 years to 14 years. Now it has been implemented for children from 3 years to 18 years.


This formula will be applicable to all government and private schools.


Preparatory stage.

Preparatory stage means 3 in (5+3+3+4).

 
In this phase, classes three to five will be studied. During this time, children will be taught science, mathematics, arts etc. through experiments. Children between eight and 11 years of age will be covered in it.



Middle stage.


Middle stage means another 3 in (5+3+3+4).

 It will cover classes 6-8 and will cover children between 11-14 years of age. These classes will be taught subject-based courses. Skill development courses will also be started from class six.

Vocational education giving professional knowledge from class VI.


Dr. Kasturirangan, who is heading the committee formed to finalize the new education policy, said that now the child will be given professional and skill education from class VI. 
Internship will also be conducted at local level. Emphasis will be laid on vocational education and skill development. The new education policy will not create unemployment. In school, the child will be given the necessary professional education.



Secondary stage.


Secondary stage means 4 in (5+3+3+4).


Classes nine to 12 will be studied in two phases, in which intensive study of subjects will be done. There will also be freedom to choose subjects.

Earlier this was the arrangement Previously government schools did not have pre-schooling. There was a general education from class one to 10. From class 11, subjects could be selected.


Under the new policy, examinations will be held in class three, five and eighth also. While the 10th and 12th board examinations will continue in changed format

Board exam.

The importance of board examinations will be minimized. There are several important suggestions. Such as conducting examinations twice a year, dividing them into two parts objective and explanatory categories.

The main focus in the board examination will be on the knowledge test so that the tendency of rote students is over. Students are always under pressure regarding board exams and depend on coaching to get more marks. But in future they can get freedom from it. The education policy states that various boards will prepare a practical model of board examinations in the coming times. Such as annual, semester and modular board examinations


This will assess children's performance in schools Children's report card will change. They will be assessed at three levels. One will be a student himself, another is a classmate and third is his teacher. National Assessment Center-Parakh will be created which will periodically test the learning ability of children. About two crore children who have dropped out of education through 100% enrollment will be admitted again.




3 language formula.


Apart from this, another important thing in school education is the language level. In the new education policy, 3 language formulas have been talked about, in which the education of mother tongue / local language up to class five has been talked about. It has also been said that this process should be adopted up to class 8 where possible. Along with Sanskrit, emphasis has also been placed on studying in Indian languages ​​like Tamil, Telugu and Kannada.


If you want schools in secondary section, then you can give foreign language also as an option


IIT and NEET exam.


In the new education policy, it has been said to conduct examination from the National Testing Agency for admission to undergraduate courses. At the same time, it has also been said to conduct Olympiad examinations at the regional level, at the state level and at the national level. For admission to IITs, it has been talked about making these exams the basis of admission to students.

In the same way, there has been talk of radical changes in the medical course. No new university will be set up to study only one subject. By 2030, different streams will be taught simultaneously in all universities. It has been said in the new education policy to make a separate education policy for medical studies.

What changed in undergraduate and post graduate.


Similar changes have also been made in higher education. Now in graduation (undergraduate), students will study four-year course, in which there is also scope to leave the course in between. On leaving the course in the first year, you will get a certificate, after the second year you will get an advance certificate and the degree after the third year, and after four years the degree will be with research.

In the same way, there will be three types of options in Post Graduate. The first will be a two-year masters, for those who have done a three-year degree course.

The second option will be for those with a four-year degree course research. These students can do one-year masters separately.

And the third option would be a 5-year integrated program, in which both graduation and post-graduation can be done simultaneously.


Now PhD will be compulsory with four years degree coursework. There is a provision to discontinue MPhil in the new education policy.


Scholarship.

There is a proposal in the new education policy for scholarship in higher education. For this, there is a matter of making the scope of the National Scholarship Portal more broad. Private institutions, which will offer higher education, will have to give scholarships from 25% to 100% to their 50% students - such provision has been made in this education policy. The Higher Education Grants Commission will do the work of giving grants to higher education institutions. Apart from this, there will be responsibility to prepare rules, laws and guide lines for different departments of these institutions.



All these fact which are listed above are made by more research and also taken from many news agencies. So these articles will only provide some fact which are in new education policy all these fact are taken from news agencies.






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